Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas)
Stranding Location: Hilton Head Island, SC
Arrival Date: 6/15/18
Weight: 6.3 kg (13.8 pounds)
This young, juvenile green sea turtle was spotted floating near a dock on Hilton Head Island. Captain Trent and fellow rescuers knew something was wrong as Luna was unable to fully submerge and kept repeatedly trying to dive down. They called the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) stranding hotline (1-800-922-5431) to let them know they found a sick and/or injured sea turtle. One of the rescuers paddled out on a kayak to get Luna. Despite floating, she was surprisingly quick and agile! Once on board the kayak, she was brought back to the dock where they waited for SCDNR staff member Emma Schultz to arrive, and transport the turtle to the South Carolina Aquarium Sea Turtle Care Center.
Luna Lovegood arrived with an already healed boat-strike wound to her carapace. She had three distinct propeller strikes that transected over her spine. Given the location of the injury, it is very surprising that she possessed full mobility of all four limbs. The healed boat strike and spinal involvement has caused her shell to heal with a minor outward bend. This coupled with her chronic floating is a condition that has colloquially been dubbed “Bubble Butt Syndrome.” This ailment is usually tough to treat, particularly if there is lung or coelmic (body cavity) air involved. Many turtles with Bubble Butt Syndrome end up as permanent residents, as they are chronic floaters and deemed non-releasable. The triage process was quick because she was in relatively decent body condition. Her blood work looked good, too. It was evident that despite her inability to dive, she was still able to actively forage. Luna received radiographs, fluids and vitamins and was started on a course of antibiotics. She was placed down in ICU to rest comfortably overnight.
June 16, 2018: The following day, Luna received a CT scan to assess the spinal involvement and root cause of the floating. There was significant gas present in the GI tract, as well as a lot of fecal material. After reviewing the imagery, Dr. Bryan suspected Luna was floating due to all of the intestinal gas.
June 20, 2018: Luna was tube-fed some mineral oil and simethicone to help alleviate some of the accumulated gas and assist with gut motility. She continues to defecate regularly and has started to gobble up small pieces of salmon.
June 25, 2018: Somewhat surprisingly, Luna is able to completely submerge herself and rest on the bottom of her tank! Although the tank water level is only about a foot deep, this is a very promising sign. She has also started to eat her veggies, which is great as we strive to feed green sea turtles a 5:1 ratio of veggies to fish.
July 15, 2018: Luna continues to have caudal buoyancy (rear end floating), but is able to fully submerge underwater. Since we haven’t seen any significant change in her buoyancy over the past couple weeks, we elected to do a repeat CT scan. On Wednesday, Luna received another CT scan to monitor the amount of GI gas. There is still a significant amount of gas present. For the time being we will keep her diet as is, and start to increase the water level to see how she does in deeper water.
August 1, 2018: Luna was recently moved to a different tank with added filtration and a slightly deeper water level. Recent CT scan shows that the GI gas has resolved which is a great sign! However, she is still intermittently floating, so there may be more going on than meets the eye. The vet staff is starting to suspect that the floating may be more neurologic than gas related. Only time will tell if the buoyancy disorder corrects itself. In the meantime we will try weight therapy. In the next couple weeks we will velcro various small weights to the back of her shell to help assist with her ability to rest on the bottom, and remain horizontal.
August 15, 2018: We have started weight therapy to help correct or at least offset Luna’s caudal buoyancy. Dr. Bryan Vorbach applied Velcro to her carapace and placed several small weights to her back end. Despite some silicon malfunction and the Velcro peeling off initially, it seems to be working! This will add just enough counterweight so she can rest comfortably on the bottom of her tank.
September 1, 2018: After a few attempts at keeping the velcro and weights on, it seems that we have found the perfect solution: coral glue and dual lock fastener! Luna appears to be taking well to the added weights and is commonly seen resting comfortably on the bottom of her shallow water tank.
October 1, 2018: Luna has been doing very well over the past month! We have been playing with lots of different weight pouches to find the best option to help her rest with her buoyancy issue. Luna’s water level is deeper now that she’s able to dive and rest on the bottom of her tank.
October 15, 2018: Luna’s caudal buoyancy still persists, and staff continues to seek out the perfect type of glue to keep her weight pouch and velcro adhered. Every Monday and Friday we take Luna outside, weather permitting, to get some sunshine. The natural UV radiation helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D and the absorption of calcium.
November 1, 2018: Luna has joined her fellow boat-strike tank mate up in Zucker Family Sea Turtle Recovery. Like Fawkes, you can also see Luna’s weight pouch in action. Luna is doing really well with it, and seems to be able to maintain normal buoyancy with it on. Come check out Luna Lovegood in Sea Turtle Recovery!
November 15, 2018: Luna has been doing well in her tank on the 1st floor of the aquarium. Her weight therapy was going really well, and we were able to increase her water depth a couple of weeks ago. We have recently replaced her weight pouch since it had fallen off. It is doing its job well and keeping her in a normal orientation the majority of the time, allowing her to rest on the bottom of her tank. She eats well and defecates regularly, both of which are good things! We will continue the weight therapy over the winter and test her buoyancy from time to time to see if it is helping.
December 1, 2018: It has been difficult trying to keep Luna’s weight pouch on her shell! Luna’s weight pouch has fallen off multiple times since our last update. We keep replacing it and trying slightly different techniques each time to achieve the perfect combination that will keep the Velcro glued to her shell. This week she was pulled from her tank for a CT scan and measurement to look at whether or not her shell has deformed since her arrival. No changes were detected. Green sea turtles can reach up to 500 pounds so Luna has a long way to go before she is full grown. As she grows bigger, the wound and associated tissues will also change, maybe for better, maybe for worse. We will track it regularly to see if anything changes while she is in rehab.